Lily Ledbetter worked as a manger for Goodyear in Alabama for 19 years. ?In 1998, she learned that she had been paid less than her male co-workers for many years, based on long past discriminatory evaluations. ?She filed suit and won a multi-million dollar verdict at trial.? The 11th Circuit reversed and entered judgment for the employer on the basis that no act of discrimination had occurred within the Title VII limitations period.?? The Supreme Court affirmed 5-4.?? Justice Alito reasoned that the low paychecks ?Ledbetter ?received? within? the limitations period were only the continuing effects of a discriminatory decision made outside the limitations period, and therefore non-actionable. The decision adopts a very favorable view of statutes of limitations. ?The majority opinion does contain?? some?? helpful?? language?? stating ??that disparate ?treatment ?discrimination ?requires ?proof of an act coupled with discriminatory intent and that most proof of discriminatory intent will be circumstantial.??? ?The majority distinguished Bazemore as involving a continuing discriminatory pay structure, of which there was no evidence in this case.?? Relying on Morgan, the majority held that pay discrimination was a discrete act of discrimination rather than a cumulative one like hostile work environment.? ?Justice Ginsburg?s dissent reasoned to the opposite principle.? ?The dissent viewed the receipt of a discriminatory paycheck to be more than just the consequence of past discrimination.? ?The dissent focused on the fact that Ledbetter was unaware of the pay disparities for many years. ?The dissent also cited the Title VII provision allowing backpay for up to two years prior to the filing of a charge of discrimination. ?The majority made clear that its decision applied only to Title VII and not claims under the Equal Pay Act.?? Cases construing the Equal Pay Act have allowed the plaintiff to reach pay discrimination that started outside the limitations period. ?The majority also declined to rule whether Title VII has a discovery rule that would delay the accrual of a claim where the plaintiff did not know of her injury. ?Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., Inc., 127 S. Ct. 2162 (2007)